What is Tessellation Art?

by Annie Saxena on Mar 18, 2023

What is Tessellation Art?

In order to make tessellation art, a surface is covered in a variety of geometric forms that fit together nearly like a jigsaw puzzle, never overlapping and leaving no gaps. This procedure, which is also known as tiling, creates a mosaic pattern that, despite its primarily constrictive mathematical structure, can be used in a very creative way. Tessellation patterns were first used in temples and houses in Sumeria around 4,000 BC. The Sumerian civilization produced a large number of exquisite instances of tessellation art, which was afterwards adopted by many other ancient civilizations, including the Romans, Chinese, Greek, Egyptians, Arabs, Moors, and Persians.

Islam contains some of the most beautiful instances of tessellation patterns in architecture and artwork. Namely, the Iberian Peninsula, the Maghreb, and North Africa during the Middle Ages. Islamic art prohibits the portrayal of living things, making it the ideal setting for a geometric shape-based aesthetic to emerge.

What is Tessellation Art?

Geometric shapes like triangles, squares, hexagons, or diamonds are used to fill a two-dimensional surface when creating tessellation art. To produce a wide range of patterns and designs, the forms can be rotated, mirrored, or translated.

One common technique for making tessellation art is to trace the repeating shapes onto graph or tracing paper and use that as a template. The design can then be colored or texture added after the template has been traced onto a bigger piece of paper or canvas.

There are many different mediums that can be used to produce tessellations, including pencil, pen, paint, and even computer tools. It is a demanding and satisfying type of art that calls for a great level of accuracy and focus on detail but can produce beautiful and detailed designs.

What is the History of Tessellation Art?

In the art form of tessellation, repeated patterns of forms are used to produce a greater image or design. Geometric patterns have been employed in building, pottery, and textiles since antiquity, which is when tessellation art first emerged.

Ancient mosaics from the Roman and Islamic cultures contain the earliest known instances of tessellation art. These mosaics frequently contained geometric designs that repeated themselves. Tessellations were a common use in Islamic art to produce intricate decorations for mosques and other places of worship.

Tessellation art became more popular throughout the Renaissance as a result of the geometric qualities of shapes and patterns being investigated by painters like Albrecht Dürer and Leonardo da Vinci. In the 20th century, tessellations were a popular technique used by painters like M.C. Escher. Escher frequently used paradoxical or impossible designs in his artwork, such as fish that turned into birds or staircases that led nowhere.

What are the Rules of the Tessellation Art?

There are several fundamental principles that apply to the majority of tessellations, yet the laws of tessellation might change based on the sort of tessellation being constructed. They consist of:

Regular Shapes: Regular shapes like triangles, squares, and hexagons are used to build tessellations. There must be no spaces between these forms or overlaps.

Each shape utilized in the tessellation must fit exactly against the shapes around it and must be repeated in a regular sequence.

Edge-to-Edge: A tessellation's shapes must touch one another from edge to edge without any spaces between them. There shouldn't be any gaps or overlaps between any of the shapes.

Tessellations can be stretched out indefinitely in all directions without the pattern changing.

Consistency: A tessellation's shapes ought to be the same size and shape across the whole design.

Symmetry: To produce an attractive and well-balanced design, many tessellations make advantage of symmetry. In this, rotational symmetry, reflection symmetry, or both may be present.

These guidelines enable designers and artists to produce intricate tessellations that are both mathematically accurate and aesthetically beautiful.

How to Create Tessellation Art?

It can be enjoyable and satisfying to create tessellation art. Here are the fundamental steps to create a tessellation:

Choose your shapes: Start by deciding the forms you want to incorporate into your tessellation. Although irregular forms can sometimes be used, regular polygons like triangles, squares, and hexagons perform best.

Making a template: By drawing your shape on paper or cardstock, then cutting it out, you can make a template of it. To transfer the shape to your drawing paper, use this template.

Sketch your design: Start by tracing the first shape you'll use on the paper. Trace the outline of the shape using your template, then color or shade it in. Then, place the same form next to the first shape by using the template and making sure the shapes' edges contact.

Replicate your form: Continually trace your shape and fill it in until your entire sheet of paper is covered with a pattern or design.

Information to add As soon as you have finished the initial tessellation, you can add details to it to make it more intriguing. To give the shapes depth and texture, experiment with applying various colors, shading, or patterns within them.

Adjust your design: Examine your tessellation after taking a step back. Make any necessary revisions where the shapes don't fit together precisely. Check for any such spots.

Your tessellation is complete. If you are satisfied with your design, you may complete your tessellation by adding a backdrop color or texture, or by outlining the shape's edges in black.

You can produce complicated and complex tessellations that are both visually stunning and mathematically precise with experience. Try out various patterns, hues, and forms to produce one-of-a-kind tessellation art.

What is the Importance of Tessellation Art?

Making patterns and designs that repeat without breaks or overlaps is the process of tessellation art. It has numerous significant applications and advantages, such as:

Math education: Using tessellation art as a teaching tool is a great approach to introduce students to math topics like symmetry, geometry, and spatial relationships. Tessellations are a fun and engaging approach for kids to study mathematical concepts and visualize geometrical ideas.

Tessellation art offers artists the chance to exhibit their creativity and individuality via the use of patterns and motifs. Color, shape, and form may all be played with by artists to produce original and stunning pieces of work.

Planning, problem-solving, and meticulousness are necessary for creating tessellations. To produce a seamless design, artists must carefully consider how the forms and patterns fit together and make any necessary revisions.

Relaxation and mindfulness: As making tessellations calls for focus and concentration, it may be calming and contemplative. Tessellation art's repetitive pattern can aid in calming the mind and encouraging awareness.

Tessellation art has the potential to be aesthetically pleasing, with intricate patterns and motifs that catch the eye and stimulate the mind. It may be utilized to provide lovely and captivating visual displays in a range of settings, including graphic design and home décor.

Tessellation art is a significant kind of artistic expression that offers many advantages for learning, creativity, solving problems, relaxation, and aesthetic appeal.

What are the Different Types of Tessellation Art?

Tessellation art can take on a variety of forms, including:

Regular tessellations are those in which the same shape is repeated again so as to completely occupy a plane with no gaps or overlaps. Honeycomb patterns, brick walls, and checkerboards are a few examples of regular tessellations.

Semi-Regular Tessellations are tessellations that use two or more regular polygons to repeat a pattern. Penrose tiles and Escher's reptiles both use semi-regular tessellations.

Irregular tessellations: These are tessellations in which a recurring pattern is made by combining irregular shapes. Tessellations of birds and fish by M.C. Escher are examples of irregular tessellations.

Tessellations in the Escher-style are those that drew inspiration from M.C. Escher's elaborate and perplexing tessellation designs. Complex interlocking shapes and optical illusions are frequent features of tessellations in the Escher style.

Islamic tessellations are tessellations that get their inspiration from the elaborate designs and geometric patterns found in traditional Islamic art and architecture. In order to produce intricate repeating patterns, Islamic tessellations frequently combine regular and irregular polygons.

For creativity and self-expression, each style of tessellation art has a special set of difficulties.

Who is Famous for Tessellation Art?

Several well-known artists are known for their tessellation art, including:

M.C. Escher: Escher is arguably the best-known tessellation artist. He is renowned for his complicated and perplexing works that incorporate intricate interlocking shapes and optical illusions.

Roger Penrose is a mathematician best known for his work on aperiodic tilings, which are incorporated into numerous tessellation patterns.

Albrecht Dürer: In the 16th century, Dürer, a German artist, produced a number of woodcuts with tessellation patterns.

The famous ceiling fresco in the Camera degli Sposi in Mantua, Italy, was painted by the Italian Renaissance artist Andrea Mantegna, who used tessellation patterns in his artwork.

British artist Bridget Riley is well-known for her Op Art aesthetic, which frequently incorporates tessellation patterns and optical illusions.

These artists have all significantly advanced the field of tessellation art and have propelled countless other creators to delve deeper into this captivating medium.

What are the Different Patterns that can be Created in Tessellation Art?

The creation of a wide range of patterns and designs can be a part of tessellation art. In tessellation art, some of the most typical designs that can be made include:

Geometric Shapes: These can be simple forms like triangles, squares, and hexagons or more complicated ones like stars, pentagons, and octagons.

Nature Shapes: They can consist of biological forms like leaves, flowers, and animals that can be tessellated to produce complex and lovely patterns.

Circles, curves, and swirls are some examples of more abstract shapes that can be used to combine to make striking and original patterns.

Optical Illusions: Tessellation artwork can also be utilized to produce optical illusions, such as the well-known "impossible" shapes made by M.C. Escher.

Brick walls, mosaics, and patchwork patterns are just a few examples of the textured designs that may be made with tessellation art.

These are just a few of the numerous patterns and designs that may be made with tessellation art. Only an artist's imagination and ingenuity are a limit to what is possible.

What are the Main Features of Tessellation Art?

The primary characteristics of tessellation art are:

Creating Repeated Patterns: Tessellation art entails producing repeating patterns that don't have any gaps or overlaps. The design becomes more unified and harmonious as a result of this repetition.

Symmetry: Many tessellation patterns exhibit symmetry, either in the shapes' actual compositions or in the arrangements of the shapes. A design's sense of balance and order can be enhanced through symmetry.

Precision and Accuracy: Tessellation art needs these qualities to produce a seamless pattern free of gaps and overlaps. This accuracy needs meticulous planning and close attention to detail.

The use of shapes in inventive and surprising ways is a key component of tessellation art, such as when diverse shapes are combined to produce a fresh and intriguing pattern.

Pay attention to color and texture: Tessellation art can incorporate the use of color and texture to produce an aesthetically appealing and captivating design. Using various hues and textures can draw attention to the design's recurring patterns and give the composition's whole more depth and intricacy.

Together, these elements produce distinctive, lovely works of art that capture the attention of viewers and inspire their imagination and creativity.


A tessellation is an arrangement of tiles, which are geometric shapes, that cover the mathematical plane with no gaps or overlaps. M.C. Escher, a Dutch graphic artist, gained fame for his tessellations, in which the individual tiles depict identifiable symbols like birds and fish.

The practice of making mosaics or patterns out of polygons or geometric forms is known as tessellation art. The craft is also known as tiling. Tessellation art is enjoyable. Similar to a puzzle, it. There are no rules; your imagination is the only limitation. A variety of artworks are created using this form of art. Tessellation Tessellation is a technique used to create certain types of art. Tessellation is used to create it as art. The practice of tessellating has a lengthy history. For instance, some of the tessellation art is prehistoric. To create quilts, mosaics, clothes, and architectural designs, tessellations are employed. Geometric art is also created using tessellations. This erratic tessellation makes use of a variety of polygons and makes it very interesting.