What is Geometric Art?

by Annie Saxena on Mar 10, 2023

What is Geometric Art?

At the conclusion of the Greek Dark Ages, between 900 and 700 BC, geometric art flourished. It is distinguished mostly by geometric motifs in vase painting. Athens served as its epicenter, and the trading cities of the Aegean received the style's expansion. The Pregeometry period and the Geometric period (or Geometric art), named for the distinctive pottery form, are two of the periods that make up the Greek Dark Ages, which spanned from around 1100 to 750 BC. Throughout Greek society, the vases served a variety of functions, such as funerary vases and symposium vases, among others.

The Greeks believed that failing to perform a decent burial was an affront to one's dignity. The mythical backdrop of a proper burial relates to the Greeks' idea that, in the absence of a suitable burial ritual, the deceased will not be able to retain tranquilly because of a continuous presence in the underworld.

What is Geometric Art?

Abstract art that employs geometrical lines, shapes, and colors to create compositions is known as geometric art. Geometric art frequently employs basic shapes like squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles. There are many different materials that can be used to produce geometric art, including paint, ink, pencil, paper, metal, and plastic. Geometric art can also be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. From ancient civilizations like the Egyptians and the Greeks to contemporary painters working in a range of styles, geometric art has been employed by artists throughout history.

What are the Characteristics of Geometric Art?

The use of geometric shapes such circles, triangles, squares, and rectangles, as well as the use of lines, angles, and symmetry, are features of geometric art. Geometric art also has the following additional qualities:

Geometric art frequently adopts a minimalist style with straightforward shapes and a restricted color palette.

Precision is important in geometric art since it helps to get the intended result to utilize accurate lines and curves.

Symmetry: Because it aids in the creation of a harmonious composition and a sense of order, symmetry is frequently used in geometric art.

Geometric art frequently employs the repetition technique, in which shapes and patterns are repeated repeatedly to convey a sense of rhythm and movement.

Geometric art frequently concentrates on shapes and forms rather than the representation of actual objects, making it abstract.

Optical illusions: Depending on how they are viewed, shapes and patterns in geometric art can give the illusion that they are moving or changing.

What Type of Art is Geometric Art?

Geometric shapes and forms, such as circles, squares, triangles, and rectangles, as well as the use of lines, angles, and symmetry, are used in a variety of abstract art forms known as geometric art. Painting, sculpture, graphic design, and architecture are just a few of the creative genres that use geometric design. With painters like Kazimir Malevich, Piet Mondrian, and Wassily Kandinsky investigating the use of geometric shapes and patterns in their work, it emerged at the start of the 20th century as a significant modern art trend. Current artists use geometric art to create a variety of works that explore geometry, color, and shape. Geometric art is still a prominent art genre today.

Who Made Geometric Art Famous?

While geometric art has been employed by artists throughout history, it really took off as a major movement in the early 20th century as a reaction to the traditional forms of art that were then predominating in the art world. Suprematism, a geometric art movement founded in 1915 by Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, is recognized as one of the earliest art movements. Another Dutch artist who used geometric patterns and shapes is Piet Mondrian. This is especially true of his neoplasticism style. Theo van Doesburg, Wassily Kandinsky, and El Lissitzky are some more artists who made a significant contribution to the growth of geometric art. Modern painters are still influenced by the style and methods of these geometric masters, who are still a popular art form.

Why it is Called Geometric Art?

The reason geometric shapes and forms like squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, and lines are used so frequently in geometric art is why it is given the name. These forms are frequently organized in exact and systematic ways to produce intricate patterns and motifs. Geometrical principles have been used in art since the beginning of time, when artists drew on mathematical ideas to produce works of art. Through the use of straightforward shapes and patterns to create abstract compositions, geometric art became an important movement in the early 20th century. The term "geometric" describes the mathematical techniques applied to produce these works of art as well as the exact placement of these shapes and forms to provide a visually arresting effect.

What are the Shapes and Designs Made in Geometric Art?

Simple geometric shapes like circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, and lines are frequently used in geometric art. For the purpose of creating intricate designs and compositions, these shapes are frequently stacked in exact and symmetrical patterns.

The following are some frequent geometrical patterns:

Tessellations are recurring patterns comprised of one or more geometric shapes that fit together seamlessly.

Fractals are repeating patterns that appear at various scales and are frequently produced by mathematical algorithms.

Op Art is an optical illusion that uses geometric patterns and shapes to provide the impression of depth or movement.

Minimalism is a style of art that emphasizes clean, straight lines and the simplest geometric forms possible.

Islamic geometric patterns: complex designs that frequently include symmetrical patterns made up of recurring geometric shapes like stars, hexagons, and squares.

Generally, geometric art is characterized by a strong emphasis on geometry and pattern and can range from being highly abstract and minimalist to being complex and elaborate.

Who can Learn Geometric Art?

No matter what their age, skill level, or previous artistic experience, everyone may learn geometric art. Because it relies on simple shapes and patterns that are simple to imitate with practice, geometric art is a type of art that is approachable for novices. For more experienced artists, who can explore more complicated designs and experiment with multiple media, it can also be difficult. You may learn and appreciate geometric art whether you're a pro or just searching for a new hobby.

What Make Geometric Art form Different from Other Art Form?

Because it stresses geometric forms, patterns, and mathematical ideas, geometric art differs from other types of art. Geometric art is built on precise, calculated shapes like squares, triangles, circles, and lines, as opposed to representational art, which seeks to depict a realistic image, or abstract art, which uses non-objective forms. With the use of optical phenomena like shading, repetition, symmetry, and perspective, geometric art frequently gives the impression of depth and three-dimensionality. With an emphasis on clear lines and straightforward compositions, it also frequently has a minimalist look. In general, geometric art is a distinctive genre of the arts that blends mathematical accuracy with aesthetic excellence.

Is Geometric Art Difficult to Learn?

The degree to which someone may learn geometric art depends on both their artistic and mathematical prowess. Those who appreciate and have a solid understanding of mathematics may find it easier to learn geometric art because it frequently requires accurate measurements and calculations. But, anyone can learn geometric art with time and effort. It necessitates meticulousness, endurance, and the capacity to envision and carry out intricate patterns and designs.

What are the Different Type of Geometric Art?

Geometric art comes in a variety of forms, such as:

Islamic Geometric Patterns: These geometrical works of art are based on Islamic art and have elaborate patterns, symmetry, and repetition.

Op Art, also referred to as optical art, is a geometric art form that is distinguished by optical illusions including the perception of movement or concealed pictures.

Early in the 20th century, Constructivism—a geometric art movement—emerged in Russia and is characterized by abstract compositions built of straightforward geometric shapes.

Geometric shapes, monochromatic color palettes, and repetition are frequent elements of minimalism, which is distinguished by its simplicity.

Kinetic Art: Kinetic art involves movement and frequently consists of geometric shapes that alter or move in response to the viewer or the surrounding environment.

Mathematical algorithms are used to create complicated, recurring geometric patterns in fractal art.

The use of geometric shapes to express the subject matter is what distinguishes the early 20th-century art movement known as cubism.

What is the Correct Age of Learning Geometric Art?

There is no specific age limit for learning geometric art, therefore it can be studied at any time. The dexterity or abilities necessary for some geometric art approaches, however, may only come with time and experience. Younger children may also require additional supervision and direction when learning geometric art to protect their safety while using tools and supplies. In general, anyone can start at any age if they have a desire to study and an interest in geometric art.

What Make Geometric Art form Different from Other Art Form?

The emphasis on geometrical patterns, curves, and lines defines the genre of art known as geometric art. There are various ways in which it is unique from other genres of art:

The use of geometric forms and patterns, such as squares, triangles, and lines, is a key component of geometric art. A symmetrical and well-balanced composition is produced by the forms' frequent repetition and placement.

In order to create shapes and patterns in geometric art, accuracy and precision are required. By using instruments like rulers, compasses, and protractors, this precision is accomplished.

Pay attention to symmetry and balance: Symmetry and balance are two features that frequently define geometric art. As a result of the careful symmetry and balance that may be produced via the employment of geometric shapes and patterns, and sense of harmony.

Geometric art frequently takes a minimalistic approach, with artists using a small number of colors and basic shapes to produce intricate and visually arresting works.

Science and mathematics: Mathematical concepts and scientific ideas are frequently the inspiration for geometric art. Several artists find inspiration in physics, geometry, and other scientific disciplines, using these ideas as the basis for works of art that express their understanding and interpretation of these ideas.

Generally, the emphasis on accuracy, symmetry, balance, and mathematical concepts makes geometric art distinctive. It provides a unique artistic experience that is both visually stunning and thought-provoking.


Geometric art essentially refers to works of art that get their inspiration from geometry. It frequently consists of points, lines, forms, and spaces that combine to create many styles on a canvas. Several artistic movements, including the Bauhaus, Cubism, Futurism, Vorticism, Suprematism, and many others, were influenced by the use of geometry. Geometric art, however, has its own significance in Indian heritage and culture.

Geometry is a fundamental principle in Islamic art that unites the material world and the spiritual. Arabesques are geometric art forms that use tendrils and vegetation as their primary subject matter. They first appeared in Islamic art in the ninth century and eventually spread to Europe during the Renaissance. In addition to being visually appealing, geometric patterns have a holy significance that serves as a reminder of what is beyond the tangible. For instance, circles in Islamic art emphasize the oneness of God and serve as a reminder that Allah is boundless.